Ask the question: "What to see in Budapest"? The rich history of the capital of Hungary was reflected in the exquisite architecture, which managed to be preserved to the present day. Tourists are attracted here by numerous basilicas, fortresses, museums, thermal springs, as well as national flavor and a peculiar Hungarian cuisine. For one trip it is impossible to see all the sights of Budapest, so it's worth to familiarize yourself with their description in advance and choose the most interesting ones.
So the list of the best tourist places in front of you:
The first thing to visit in Budapest is definitely necessary - this is the fortress of Buda (this place can be safely attributed to the best sights of Hungary), which is a whole area in which many historical monuments and interesting places are collected. On its territory, there are objects, the interest to which has not dried up for many years. Among them we can mention:
Various sights of Budapest include numerous bridges, the most grandiose and beautiful of which is rightfully considered the chain bridge of Szechenyi. Its historical significance for the capital is priceless since it was he who became a powerful stimulus for the unification of the cities of Pest and Bud, which formed Budapest in 1873. During the war, the fascists, retreating, blew up the bridge. However, after 4 years, he again appeared in all its greatness. The building is decorated with royal lions, massive stylized chains, arches, and lanterns. Particularly beautiful is Chain Bridge at night, when numerous lanterns are reflected on it, reflected in the dark waters of the Danube.
Very beautiful building, the appearance of which also resembles the projects of French architects. The building turned out graceful and ornate at the same time. The premises themselves are closed to visitors, but the building should definitely be considered near. During the tour guides in Bucharest will tell the legend associated with the palace.
Choosing what to see in Budapest on your first visit, it is worth stopping at the Fisherman's Bastion, located in the heart of the Hungarian capital. Built in 1905, it resembles a medieval white stone castle, surrounded by an "openwork" wall. This impression is created due to the abundance of window openings, arches, protrusions and depressions on it. Seven wall towers symbolize the number of tribes, united with the goal of creating a single Hungarian state. The square inside the bastion is decorated with a statue of the first King of Hungary. The undoubted advantage of this Budapest landmark is a free visit. Tickets must be purchased only to enter the upper balconies of the towers, from which a magnificent view of the city opens.
The towering Statue of Liberty on Mount Gellert is visible from all points of Budapest. But the fact that behind it is the citadel, you can find out just by going upstairs. The reason for its erection was the uprising of Hungarian patriots against the rule of the Habsburg dynasty. After its suppression, there was a need to control and, if necessary, to pacify newly rebellious citizens. At the same time, the mountain was an ideal place for the construction of the citadel, with which Pest and Buda could be clearly seen and shot. After the departure of the Austrian garrison, the townspeople wanted to destroy this building, but only the main gates were demolished. During the Second World War, it was again used against the Hungarian people, but only by fascist troops. The exposition exhibited in the museum of the citadel, which is currently closed for reconstruction, tells about this.
There are sights of Budapest, which do not often flash in the handouts and guides to Hungary, but they are of extraordinary beauty and very popular with tourists. These places include Vaidahunyad Castle, located in the cozy park Varoshliget. It is simply impossible not to notice it. Visitors visiting the complex have the impression that it was built in the distant Middle Ages, and served as a safe hiding place from enemies and robbers. However, this is only stylization. In fact, the castle was built at the beginning of the last century, so it is quite well preserved. After admiring the architectural ensemble, visitors can visit the Museum of Agriculture. It exhibits numerous exhibits and photographs showing the wonders of plant and animal breeding. In a separate room, you can see samples of hand tools and mechanized equipment, which many generations of Hungarians used to process the land. And connoisseurs of good wine can go to the tasting room, where numerous varieties of this fine drink made by local winemakers are on display.
Music lovers know that to visit the opera state theater in Budapest is necessary because it is on the quality of acoustic data is one of the three best halls in Europe. The building itself amazes with the luxury of decoration. Its walls and ceilings are decorated with fine paintings by Hungarian artists, frescoes, bronze chandeliers, and numerous sculptures. The hall of this Budapest sight can accommodate 1261 people at the same time. But at the same time tickets for the concert should be booked in advance. For those who do not plan a visit to the opera, excursions are conducted in several languages, including Russian, after which you can listen to arias performed by theater artists.
Some of the sights of Budapest are sacred to every resident of the country. One of these places is the Basilica of St. Stephen, erected in honor of King Stephen I the Holy, who founded the Hungarian state. This monumental building has the shape of an equilateral cross. To the main building on both sides bell towers are attached, one of which hangs a giant bell weighing 9 tons. The dimness of the room tends to exalted feelings and thoughts, forcing for a while to forget their problems and leave vanity behind the threshold. Strong impression is made also by the rich decoration of the temple. The walls and columns are decorated with a multicolored mosaic, paintings of artists, carvings and gilding. From the stained glass to the visitors with love and forgiveness look the faces of the saints. In the altar part of the basilica there is a mummified hand of the first ruler of Hungary.
Opened in the very beginning of the XIX century, this museum represented only the collection of Count Ferenc Sececi, consisting of manuscripts, ancient coins and a collection of books. However, at the moment there are many rooms open, representing various topics. In this Budapest sight, archaeological finds of the Roman Empire, objects of people living in the Middle Ages, exhibits devoted to revolutions and wars are collected. Separate attention deserves the hall in which the mantle of the first Hungarian monarch István the Saint is exposed. Richly decorated with pearls and gilded embroidery, it has been admired for many centuries..
The majestic building of the Hungarian Parliament rightfully adorns the first pages of guidebooks around the capital. Therefore, deciding what to see in Budapest, it is, first of all, to look here. This building is one of the largest residences of European rulers. It has 691 rooms and 29 staircases. The architecture of the construction, in which neo-Gothic and eclecticism is intertwined, is also interesting. But the parliament looks more elegant at night due to professionally decorated illumination. Reflecting in the dark water of the majestic Danube, the building is an enchanting sight.
The National Gallery is one of the main attractions of Budapest not only in the number of exhibits, but also in the fact that all of them belong only to Hungarian artists. After the opening of the gallery in the building of the Royal Palace, the collection is constantly replenished with works from private collections, museums, exhibitions and other sources. More than 100 000 works of art cover the Middle Ages, Gothic, Renaissance and modern art. For one visit it is impossible to go through all the halls and examine each exhibit, so many come back here again and again, taking every time new impressions and emotions.