Hospitable, bright, cozy, ancient, with positive energy and lots of amazing places - all this can be said about the main city of Ukraine - Kiev. How long have you been planning a trip to Kiev? Then in this article, you will find the relevant and important information for you. Kiev invites you to visit your most interesting sights, which cannot be missed while traveling through the capital.
The Kiev-Pechersk Lavra is located in the very center of the capital, on the right bank of the Dnieper River. It occupies two hills, which are separated by a deep hollow, which descends right up to the Dnieper. The Kiev-Pechersk Lavra is one of the main sights of Ukraine. This Orthodox monastery has its own interesting history, rooted deeper into centuries. Once the present landmark of Kiev was considered the most significant monastery of ancient Russia. Today, crowds of tourists and believers from all over the world come here. The date of construction is 1051 years. The monastery is famous for its unique churches, colorful towers and mysterious caves with the remains of saints. To date, the Upper Lavra is in charge of the historical and cultural reserve. For visitors it is open every day from 9.30 to 18.00.
St. Sophia Cathedral in Kiev - a temple in which worship services are held on schedule. One of the symbols of the Ukrainian capital has actually become a museum. You can only pray to God in strictly designated days. The rest of the time is reserved for tourists and simple onlookers. In the 11th century, Yaroslav the Wise gave the order to build the cathedral. One of the versions says that the erection of the temple was due to the arrival of Metropolitan Theopempt in the city - the future primate of the Russian church, a Greek, moved from Constantinople. Initially, the cathedral was a 13-dome structure, to which several centuries later added another six chapters. And by the 17th century, the building was reconstructed in the style of Ukrainian Baroque.
Every Kiev citizen and guest of the capital admired the crosses of the Vladimir Cathedral sparkling in the sun at least once. The temple is located in the city center, near the metro station "University". The building is crowned with 7 domes, and the facade is decorated with mosaics by the artist A. N. Frolov. Before heading the temples of the UOC-Kyiv Patriarchate, the cathedral had to endure many years of construction. Built in honor of the famous baptizer of Rus - Prince Vladimir, the cathedral is the main temple of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. Its construction lasted 20 years, and more than 10 years have occupied the interior decoration and painting of the building. Now hundreds of people gather for the holidays in the church, and during the celebration of the 1250th anniversary of the Baptism of Rus, more than 2 thousand parishioners attended the cathedral.
Andreevsky Descent is one of the oldest streets in Kiev, which was built in the late 19th century. Loved by both the citizens of Kiev and the guests of the capital, the lane has a length of about 720 meters. It is cut from Kontraktova Square to Desyatinnaya and Vladimirskaya streets, thereby connecting different parts of the city. After all, the main function of the street for a long time is the unification of the Upper Town and Podil. The magnificent architecture of the central street strikes with its beauty not only ordinary passers-by, but also famous creative personalities. It has become a cozy home for many artists like Mikhail Bulgakov, Viktor Nekrasov, Mikhail Vrubel, Teofil Janovsky and many others. Accompanied by a guide you will look into interesting courtyards and learn their secrets.
Khreshchatyk is the central street of Kiev, which unites the main tourist routes of the city. It originates in the area of the European Square, crosses Independence Square and ends with Bessarabskaya Square. Its name was given to the legendary street in honor of Khreshchaty Yar (that is, a ravine crossed by transverse yars). In the times of Kievan Rus here was part of the defensive structure - the Lyadsky Gate. Also in the territory of modern Khreshchatyk once flowed a stream and the forest rustled. This wild area was a favorite place for rest and hunting of Ukrainian princes. The construction of the street began only in the XVIII century, and in the pre-war period (the beginning of the twentieth century) three-and four-storey buildings began to appear here for whole blocks, which became the prototype of the modern Khreshchatyk.
The last sad events brought this place a sad glory. Protests, rallies and state holidays of the people of Kiev are held here to this day. The main attraction of the square is the Independence Tower. A cascade of water flows from the foot of the huge monument. In the right side of the monument you will see the Dandelion - a unique fountain, splashing splashes in any wind blow. On the left side there is one original fountain, arranged in honor of the founders of the city. Globus SEC, main post office, folk culture center and Conservatory work in walking distance.
It was erected instead of the former Kiev theater, destroyed by fire. On the stage, such famous ballet and opera artists as Chaliapin, Gmyrya, Gaydai sang and danced. This place is often included in the lists of "the best places of interest in Kiev" also thanks to the fact that more than 100 years ago, Stolypin was killed there.
The National Museum of History of Ukraine is one of the largest cultural centers of Ukraine, which contains more than 800,000 unique exhibits of great cultural and historical value. In the vast halls of the museum, visitors can see collections - cold steel, firearms, coins, glassware, and porcelain. Of great interest are expositions of the ancient stone age, copper and bronze periods, as well as the period of the beginning of Kievan Rus. Among the stored items of the National Museum of History of Ukraine, there are unique, rare and unique manuscript documents (some of which date back to the 14th - 15th centuries), and the art collection (painting, graphic arts, sculpture) consists of more than 10,000 exhibits.
In the conservatory of the botanical garden, ideal conditions for the growth of many exotic flowers and plants are created - they are brought here from various points of the Earth. Common area The complex is about 130 hectares: in a huge arboretum you can see roses, irises, magnolias and other "inhabitants". Also on the square is the Holy Trinity Ionian temple. The garden belongs to the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences.
Sofiyivska Square is located in the central part of Kiev, near the Independence Square and Vladimirskaya Street. The square is called so because of the St. Sophia Cathedral, which was built here in 1037 by the order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, and for many years served as the residence of Kiev's metropolitans, and also a model of true strength of mind for Orthodox believers. To date, Sofia Kiev is an irreligious church, and a museum-preserve. The square is a kind of arena of political life, a mirror of the social and cultural life of the capital. In the times of Kievan Rus, veche was assembled here - the people's congresses, immediately there was supported the Act of State Independence of Ukraine.